Island in the Aegean Sea (q.v.) located close to the mainland of eastern Greece (q.v.), running almost parallel along the coast of Attica and Boeotia (q.v.), separated by a strait that contracts into a narrow channel called the Euripos. The opposite (eastern) coast that faces the Aegean Sea is so rugged as to be almost inaccessible. Historically this has meant that the fate of Euboea was usually tied to control of the opposite mainland. From the late seventh century until the conquest of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade (qq.v.) in 1204 it was part of the theme of Hellas (qq.v.). After 1204 Venice (q.v.) controlled the island, which the Venetians called Negroponte (Black Bridge), referring to the bridge across the Euripos that connected the island to the mainland. Euboea was one part of a chain of islands and mainland ports that commanded the sea route from Venice to Constantinople. The island fell to the Ottomans (q.v.) in 1470.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • EUBOEA — maxima Aegaei maris ins. inter Sunium Atticae prom. et Thessaliam in longitudive extensa, et a Boeotia Euripo admodum angusto dirempta. Ita dicta ab Euboea Heroicae indolis matrona, cum antea Maeris et Abantis, Chalcis, et Asopis nunuparetur, ut… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Euboea — [yo͞o bē′ə] large island in the Aegean Sea, off the E coast of Greece: 1,411 sq mi (3,654 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Euboea — For the mythological figure, see Euboea (mythology). For the administrative unit, see Euboea (regional unit). Euboea Εύβοια Chalkis Geography …   Wikipedia

  • Euboea — Euboean, adj., n. Euboic /yooh boh ik/, adj. /yooh bee euh/, n. a Greek island in the W Aegean Sea. 165,369; 1586 sq. mi. (4110 sq. km). Cap.: Chalcis. Also called Negropont. Modern Greek, Evvoia. * * * Greek Évvoia Island, Greece, in the Aegean… …   Universalium

  • Euboea — Euböa Strandpromenade Chalkidas Gewässer Mittelmeer Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Euboea — Eubée Nome d’Eubée Νομός Εύβοιας Statistiques Pé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Euboea — Sp Eubojà Ap Εύβοια/Evvoia, Evvia graikiškai Sp Èvija Ap Euboea lotyniškai L s. Egėjo j., Graikijos nomas …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Euboea — or Evvoia geographical name island 90 miles (145 kilometers) long E Greece in the Aegean NE of Attica & Boeotia area 1411 square miles (3654 square kilometers) • Euboean adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Euboea — noun a Greek island just off the eastern coast of Greece in the Aegean Sea …   Wiktionary

  • EUBOEA —    The Greek island that was the purchase spot of a large Etruscan bronze belt of the eighth century BC …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

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